Опрос NHK свидетельствует о существовании различных мнений в отношении внесения поправок в Конституцию Японии

Результаты проведенного NHK исследования свидетельствуют о существовании различных мнений среди населения по вопросу внесения изменений в Конституцию Японии.

3.480 человек в возрасте 18 лет и старше опрашивались NHK по телефону в середине апреля перед Днем Конституции, который отмечается в Японии 3 мая. Из этого числа 54,3% согласились отвечать на вопросы анкеты.

Отвечая на вопрос о внесении поправок в Конституцию, 29% опрошенных выступили в поддержку изменений, тогда как 27% выступили против них. 39% опрошенных ответили, что у них отсутствует мнение по этому вопросу.

54% респондентов, которые выступили за изменения, выразили мнение, что Конституция устарела. Еще 32% опрошенных указали на необходимость зафиксировать право страны на самооборону и существование Сил самообороны. 5% выразили мнение, что существующая сейчас Конституция была навязана Японии Соединенными Штатами и еще 4% отметили необходимость обеспечения права на неприкосновенность частной жизни и новых прав личности.

Источник: NHK World, 02.05.2018


NHK opinion poll on Constitution

An NHK survey shows that people are divided on whether Japan’s Constitution should be amended.

NHK surveyed 3,480 people aged 18 or older in mid-April, ahead of May 3rd, Constitution Day. 54.3 percent responded.

Asked about amending the Constitution, 29 percent were in favor, 27 percent said it’s unnecessary, and 39 percent were undecided.

In a 2016 NHK survey, 27 percent said the Constitution must be amended, 31 percent said it was unnecessary, and 38 percent were undecided.

A breakdown of age groups shows that 38 percent of those who were in favor of amending in the latest survey were in their 40s, and 17 percent were aged between 18 and 29.

Of respondents aged 70 or older, 35 percent said amending is unnecessary, while the figure for those in their 30s was 13 percent.

Those in favor of amending were asked why they think so.

54 percent said because the Constitution is outdated; 32 percent said it should stipulate the country’s right to self-defense and the existence of the Self-Defense Forces; 5 percent said because it’s US-imposed; and 4 percent said it should provide for the right of privacy and new rights for individuals.

The respondents who said amending is unnecessary were also asked why.

64 percent said because they want to defend the war-renouncing Article 9; 17 percent said other issues must be addressed first; 10 percent said the Constitution is firmly established among the people; and 4 percent said amending could undermine Japan’s relations with Asian countries and the rest of the world.

The ruling Liberal Democratic Party intends to propose adding to Article 9 a provision on the Self-Defense Forces.

Asked whether the Constitution should be amended to add such a provision, 31 percent said yes, 23 percent said no, and 40 percent were undecided.

Asked about the article, which also renounces war potential, 70 percent said it’s good. 25 percent said it is not.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is intent on pushing ahead with amending the Constitution.

Asked whether discussion on amending the Constitution should proceed, 19 percent said yes. 68 percent said other issues should be tackled.

Источник: NHK World, 02.05.2018

Автор: Admin

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